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Lyonel Feininger

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Lyonel Feininger
20th Century Modern Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider) Painter, printmaker
German-American, (July 17, 1871–Jan. 15, 1956) At the seashore, Feininger found spiritual wholeness and a position from which he could consider space, both physical and metaphysical in the junctures of earth, sea and sky. For Feininger, the making of art was his quest for knowledge. He believed that the human mind and the natural world were ordered by the same universal laws which he sought to convey in his artwork. Like Kandinsky, he believed that the artist was someone who could guide others to heightened levels of awareness through the perceptual experience of art. As a child in New York he had observed ships on the Hudson River and played in the sailboat pond in Central Park. On the coast of the Baltic Sea he was inspired by the natural forces of wind and water. Feininger was born in New York City to parents who were internationally known musicians. In 1887 he went to Germany to study music, and then switched to visual art. He exhibited with the Blaue Reiter (the Blue Rider group) in Munich and taught at the influential modern Bauhaus school until 1924. Galka Scheyer, who promoted early modern art in Southern California, introduced his painting to the American public in 1924 with her exhibition of the group, the “Blue Four.” Along with many other European artists, the Nazis declared Feininger a “degenerate artist.” Feininger left Europe and returned to the United States in 1936.
Death
January 13, 1956, New York, New York

Exhibitions
2008: Galerie Uterman, March 1 - April 2008, Dortmund, Germany
2008: “Transforming Reality: Pattern and Design in Modern and Self-Taught Art,” January 15 - March 8, 2008, Galerie St. Etienne, New York, New York
2006 - 2007: “Lyonel Feininger - Gerhard Marcks,” December 12, 2006 - February 2007, Galerie Glöckner, Cologne, Germany
2006: “Kinder in der Kunst (Children in Modern Art),” September 10 - November 5, 2006, Galerie Ludorff, Düsseldorf, Germany
2005: "Lyonel Feininger (1871-1956): A Small Retrospective of Works on Paper, A Glimpse into the Creative Process,” June 30 - September 16, 2005, Moeller Fine Art Ltd., New York, New York
2004: “Lyonel Feininger: Works on Paper,” April 8 - May 1, 2004, Marlborough Gallery, New York, New York
2002: “Lyonel Feininger ‘Stroller - The Passing Scene’,” October 22 - December 12, 2002, Moeller Fine Art Ltd., New York, New York
1996: “Collectors’ Choice: Painting and Sculpture 1845-1996,” October 1 - 26, 1996, Kennedy Galleries, New York, New York
1990: “A Point of View: 20th - Century American Art From a Long Island Collection,” September 8 - November 4, 1990, The Heckscher Museum, Huntington, New York
1990: "Lyonel Feininger: Figurative Drawings, 1908 - 1912," Achim Moeller Gallery, New York, New York
1986: “Aspects of California Modernism: 1920-1950,” January 29 - March 26, 1986, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington D.C.
1982: “Modernist Watercolors, Prints and Drawings,” January 6 - March 28, 1982, Corcoran Gallery and School of Art, Washington D.C.
1980: “Paul Klee and Lyonel Feininger,” Blanden Memorial Art Gallery, Fort Dodge, Iowa
1975: “Masterpieces from the North Carolina Museum of Art,” March 11 - April 13, 1975, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia
1973: “Lyonel Feininger,” March 24 - May 13, 1973, Haus der Kunst, Munich
1964: “Lyonel Feininger: The Formative Years,” September 8 - 27, 1964, Detroit Institute of Arts, Detroit, Michigan
1961: “German Expressionism,” February 10 - March 9, 1961, Columbus Gallery of Fine Arts, Columbus, Ohio
1937 - 1956: Bucholz Gallery, New York, New York
1949: Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston, Massachusetts
1944: Retrospective Exhibition, Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
1942: "Artists for Victory," Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York
1936: One-man show, East River Gallery, New York, New York
1932: One-man show, Hannover, Germany
1932: One-man show, Leipzig, Germany
1932: One-man show, Hamburg, Germany
1931: Retrospective Exhibition, Folkwang Museum, Essen, Germany
1931: Retrospective Exhibition, National Gallery, Berlin, Germany
1929 - 1930: Staaliche Kunstsammlungen zu Weimer, July 29, 1929 - November 30, 1930, Weimer, Germany
1929: Galerie Neue Kunst Fides, Dresden, Germany
1929: "Nineteen Living Americans," Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
1928: National Gallery, Berlin, Germany
1921: “Kunstvereinsheim, Verein fur Kunst und Kunstgewerbe,” Erfurt, Germany
1918: One-man show, Neue Kunst Hans Goltz, Munich, Germany
1913: Exhibited with Der Blaue Reiter, Berlin, Germany
1910: Berlin Secession, Berlin, Germany
1909: Berlin Secession, Berlin, Germany

Collections
Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, California
Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, Texas
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
National Galleries of Scotland, Edinburgh, Scotland
National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.
North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, North Carolina
Norton Simon Museum, Pasadena, California
Städel Museum, Frankfurt, Germany
The Phillips Collection, Washington D.C.
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts
Armand Hammer Museum of Art, University of California of Los Angeles, California
Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, British Columbia, Canada
Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Art Gallery of the University of Rochester, Rochester, New York
Bauhaus-Archiv Museum of Design, Berlin, Germany
Block Museum of Art, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois
Brooklyn Museum of Art, New York, New York
Canton Museum of Art, Canton, Ohio
Christchurch Art Gallery Te Puna O Waiwhetu, Christchurch, New Zealand
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio
Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester, New Hampshire
Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit, Michigan
Harvard University Art Museums, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Hyde Collection Art Museum, Glens Falls, New York
Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington, Indiana
Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, California
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Texas
Museo di Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Trento, Italy
Muzeum Sztuki, Lodz, Poland
Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma
Palazzo Ruspoli, Rome, Italy
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Saint Louis Art Museum, Saint Louis, Missouri
Sheldon Art Gallery, Lincoln, Nebraska
Smart Museum, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
Smith College Museum of Art, Northampton, Massachusetts
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington D.C.
Sweet Briar College Art Gallery, Sweet Briar, Virginia
Terra Foundation for the Arts, Chicago, Illinois
Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, Madrid, Spain
Von der Heydt-Museum, Wuppertal, Germany
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota
Westmoreland Museum of American Art, Greensburg, Pennsylvania
Tucson Museum of Art, Tucscon, Arizona

Work History
1955: Elected Member of the Institute if Arts and Letters, New York, New York
1947: Elected President for the Federation of American Painters and Sculptors, New York, New York
1945: Teacher, Summer course, Black Mountain College, Asheville, North Carolina
1938 - 1939: Commissioned to paint murals for Marine Transportation and Masterpieces of Modern Art Buildings at the New York World’s Fair, New York
1936 - 1937: Teacher, Summer courses, Mills College, Oakland, California
1936: Teacher, Summer course, Mills College, Oakland, California
1919 - 1933: Founding Member, Bauhaus school of design, Weimar, Germany; Dessau, Germany; Berlin, Germany
1924: Member, The Blue Four group with Kandinsky, Klee, and Jawlensky

Education
1892: Atelier Colarossi, Paris, France
1888 - 1892: Königliche Akademie (Royal Academy), Berlin, Germany
1887: Allgemeinen Gewerbeschule, Hamburg, Germany

Born
July 17, 1871, New York, New York


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