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Harry Bertoia

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Harry Bertoia
20th Century Modern Sculptor, painter, printmaker
Italian-American, (March 10, 1915–1978) Harry Bertoia was born in San Lorenzo, Italy, in 1915 and emigrated to the United States with his father in 1930. He received his formal education at Cass Technical High School in Detroit and at the Cranbrook Academy, where he studied and taught from 1937 to 1943. From the beginning his sculptures were constructions welded and cut with an acetylene torch, rather than bronzes cast in the traditional manner. Bertoia invented a new direct-casting process, also known as "spill casting," a technique in which molten metal is poured into sand beds and then worked directly as it cools. Sculptures made by this process earned him the label of "action sculptor - the Jackson Pollock of sculpture." The most important example of his sculpture of this type is his large bronze mural for Dulles International Airport, completed in 1962.
Death
1978, Pennsylvania

Exhibition History
1996: "Collectors' Choice: Paintings and Sculpture 1845 - 1996," October 1 - 26, 1996, Kennedy Galleries, New York, New York
1975: The Art Institution of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
1975: Fairweather Hardin Gallery, Chicago, Illinois
1975: Gallery K.B., Oslo, Norway
1975: "Sounding Sculpture," Standard Oil Plaza, Chicago, Illinois
1975: Kansas Urban Renewal Agency, Wichita, Kansas
1974: "Sensations in Sculpture," Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut
1973: Group Artec, Los Angeles, California
1972: Gallery K.B., Oslo, Norway
1970: Genessee Valley Shopping Center, Flint, Michigan
1970: Staempfli Gallery, Manhattan, New York
1969: First National Bank of Seattle, Seattle, Washington
1968: Knoll International, Zurich, Switzerland
1968: Staempfli Gallery, Manhattan, New York
1968: Fairweather Harden Gallery, Chicago, Illinois
1964: Knoll International, Amsterdam, the Netherlands
1963: Staempfli Gallery, Manhattan, New York
1963: London Triennial Exhibition of Sculpture in Open Air, Battersea Park, London, England
1961: Fairweather Hardin Gallery, Chicago, Illinois
1959: Staempfli Gallery, New York, New York
1958: U.S. Pavilion, Brussels World's Fair, Brussels, Belgium
1956: Sculpture Exhibition, Fairweather Hardin Gallery, Chicago, Illinois
1951: Exhibition of Sculpture, Knoll Associates, New York
1945: Show of Graphics, San Francisco Museum of Art, San Francisco, California
1943: Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York, New York
1940: Karl Nierendorf Gallery, New York, New York

Collections
Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts
Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, New York
Aldrich Museum of Contemporary Art, Ridgefield, Connecticut
Allentown Art Museum, Allentown, Pennsylvania
Annenberg Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Baltimore Museum of Art, Baltimore, Maryland
Beloit College, Wright Museum of Art, Beloit, Wisconsin
Bowling Green State University, Bowling Green, Ohio
Brooklyn Museum of Art, Brooklyn, New York
Cincinnati Public Library, Cincinnati, Ohio
Colorado Springs Fine Arts Center, Colorado Springs, Colorado
Cornell University, Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Ithaca, New York
Cranbrook Academy of Art Museum, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
Dallas Public Library, Dallas, Texas
Denver Art Museum, Denver, Colorado
Des Moines Art Center, Des Moines, Iowa
Detroit Institute of Art, Detroit, Michigan
Dulles International Airport, Washington, D.C.
Edith Abbott Memorial Library, Grand Island, Nebraska
Evansville Museum of Arts and Science, Evansville, Indiana
Figge Art Museum, Davenport, Iowa
Flint Institute of Arts, Flint, Michigan
Grand Rapids Art Museum, Grand Rapids, Michigan
High Museum of Art, Atlanta, Georgia
Honolulu Academy of Arts, Honolulu, Hawaii
Hunter Museum of Art, Chattanooga, Tennessee
Huntington Museum of Art, Huntington, West Virginia
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana
Indiana University, Indiana University Art Museum, Bloomington, Indiana
Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha, Nebraska
Kemper Museum of Contemporary Art, Kansas City, Missouri
Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, California
Marshall University, Huntington, West Virginia
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Michigan State University, Kresge Art Museum, East Lansing, Michigan
Milwaukee Art Museum, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
Muscatine Art Center, Muscatine, Iowa
Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas, Texas
National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.
Newport Harbor Art Museum, Newport Beach, California
North Carolina Museum of Art, Raleigh, North Carolina
Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida
Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Philadelphia Civic Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey
Reading Public Museum, Reading, Pennsylvania
Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, New York
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California
Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C.
Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York, New York
State University of New York at Purchase, Neuberger Museum, Purchase, New York
Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York
University of Akron, Akron, Ohio
University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, Ohio
University of Kansas, Helen Foresman Spencer Museum of Art, Lawrence, Kansas
University of Minnesota, Frederick R. Weisman Art Museum, Minneapolis, Minnesota
University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery and Sculpture Garden, Lincoln, Nebraska
University of Rochester, Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, New York
Vero Beach Museum of Art, Vero Beach, Florida
Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia
Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota
W. Hawkins Ferry, Grosse Pointe, Michigan
Williams College, Williams College Museum of Art, Williamstown, Massachusetts
Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut

Work History
1939 - 1943: Metal Crafts Instructor, Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan

Education
1937 - 1943: Cranbrook Academy of Art, Bloomfield Hills, Michigan
1936: The Detroit School of Arts and Crafts, Detroit, Michigan
1936: Cass Technical High School, Detroit, Michigan

Awards/Grants/Fellowships
1971: Honorary Doctorate, Muhlenberg College, Allentown, Pennsylvania
1967: Awarded by the Pennsylvania Association of American Institute of Architects, Fine Arts Metal
1963: Awarded by the Pennsylvania Association of American Institute of Architects, Fine Arts Metal
1957: Graham Foundation Grant, $10,000
1956: Awarded the Craftsmanship Medal by American Institute of Architects
1955: Awarded the American Institute of Architects, Fine Arts Metal
New York Architectural League, Gold Medal

Born
March 10, 1915, San Lorenzo, Italy


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