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Carlos Merida

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Carlos Merida
20th Century Modern Painter
Guatemalan, (December 2, 1891–December 22, 1984) An artist whose roots can be traced to Surrealism, Carlos Merida was born in Guatemala and traveled to Europe at age seventeen where he studied art between 1908 and 1914 and met Picasso and other modern artists. When he returned to Guatemala, he met with other artists who were trying to create an authentic “American Art” in response to a pro-Native art movement. He wanted to fuse European Modernism with truly American subjects. He moved to Mexico in 1919 where he exhibited his Guatemalan paintings in 1920 and assisted Diego Rivera on his first mural. Through multiple travels to Europe and New York and contact with Surrealists, he became more and more abstract in his approach to painting. He taught at the Black Mountain College which at one time continued the philosophy of the early Bauhaus. His signature style over three decades from the 1950s was geometric, rooted in both architecture and pre-Columbia forms.
Death
December 22, 1984, Mexico City, Mexico

Exhibitions
1998 - 2003: "The Gelman Collection (Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo & Mexican Modernism)," San Francisco Museum of Modern Art , San Francisco, California; San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, California; Museo del Barrio, New York, New York
1993: "Art d’Amérique Latine," Musee National d’Arte Moderne, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris, France
1992: "Latin American Artists of the 20th Century," Museum of Modern Art , New York, New York
1988: "Image of Mexico," Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt, Germany
1983: "Carlos Merida: Retrospective," October 21 - November 30, 1983, Harcourts Gallery, San Francisco, California
1982: Metropolitan Museum, Miami, Florida
1981: Center for Inter-American Relations, New York, New York
1978: "Gerzso, Merida, Tamayo," Bellas Artes, Mexico City, Mexico
1977: Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
1977: Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, New York
1976: University Art Museum, Austin, Texas
1975: Galeria II Collezionista d’Arte, Rome, Italy
1971: B. Lewin Galleries, Beverly Hills, California
1970: Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
1969: Galeria de Arte Mexicano, Mexico City, Mexico
1969: "Albers & Merida," National University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
1968: Galeria de Arte Mexicano, Mexico City, Mexico
1967: "Latin American Art 1931-1966," Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
1966: Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, New York
1966: "Art of Latin America Since Independence," Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut
1964: Galeria de Arte Mexicano, Mexico City, Mexico
1963: Museo Universitario de Ciencias Y Arte, Mexico City, Mexico
1962: Reichenback Gallery, Paris, France
1962: Marion Koogler McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, Texas
1961: Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
1957: São Paulo Art Biennial, São Paulo, Brazil
1954: Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
1951: Pan America University, Washington, D. C.
1945: Valentine Gallery, New York, New York
1944: Karl Nierendorf Gallery, New York, New York
1940: "International Surrealist Exhibition," Mexico City, Mexico
1936: Stendhal Gallery, Los Angeles, California
1935: Katherin Kuh Gallery, Chicago, Illinois
1930: Delphic Studios, New York, New York
1929: Valentine Gallery, New York, New York
1927: Galerie de Quatre Chemins, Paris, France
1926: Valentine Dudensing Gallery, New York, New York
1920: Academia de Bellas Arts, Mexico City, Mexico

Collections
Art Museum of the Americas, Washington, D. C.
Austin University Art Museum, Austin, Texas
Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
Brooklyn Art Museum, Brooklyn, New York
Cambridge Fogg Art Museum, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Caracas Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Venezuela
Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio
Dallas Museum of Fine Arts, Dallas, Texas
Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, San Francisco, California
Fundacion Proa, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Galeria Nazionale de Arte Moderna, Rome, Italy
Indianapolis Museum of Art, Indianapolis, Indiana
Long Beach Museum of Art, Long Beach, California
Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Los Angeles, California
Marion Koogler McNay Art Institute, San Antonio, Texas
Musee National d’Art Moderne, Paris, France
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico City, Mexico
Museo de Arte Moderno, Sao Paulo, Brazil
Museo de Guatemala, Guatemala City, Guatemala
Museum of Honolulu, Honolulu, Hawaii
Museum of Modern Art, New York, New York
Oklahoma City Museum of Art, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Phoenix Art Museum, Phoenix, Arizona
San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco, California
Seattle Art Museum, Seattle, Washington
University of Michigan Museum of Art, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Wadsworth Atheneum, Hartford, Connecticut

Work History
1949: Art instructor, Black Mountain College, Asheville, North Carolina
1942: Art instructor, North Texas State Teachers College (University of North Texas), Denton, Texas
1925: Contributed to Frances Toor's review "Mexican Folkways"
1922: Assisted Diego Rivera on his first mural to Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, Mexico City, Mexico

Education
1908-1914: Studied with Van Dongen and Anglada Camarasa in Paris
Studied at the Instituto de Artes y Artesanias, Guatemala City and Queltzaltenango

Born
December 2, 1891, Guatemala City, Guatemala


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