Ceramics originate from the earth and vary depending upon the type of clay, amount and kind of minerals in the clay, types of glaze on the surface, and the temperature and type of kiln firing employed to create the long-lasting ceramic object. There are many types of ceramic including stoneware, earthenware, porcelain, whiteware, and other ceramics such as creamware and Faience. Stoneware is a vitreous or semi-vitreous ceramic that is produced by a high firing temperature. Earthenware is a porous ceramic that is fired at a low temperature and usually must be glazed in order to remain watertight. Porcelain is a high fire clay that is strong and translucent. Whiteware includes any clay that is white to off-white in appearance and is usually used for utilitarian ceramic objects. Several ceramic objects in the collection have a less frequently found or unidentifiable medium, which places them in the “other ceramics” category.
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